Anatomy of Paper

Topics: Nursing, Citation, APA style Pages: 8 (2592 words) Published: March 25, 2013
Tips for Writing a Scholarly Paper in APA Format
student number
A paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the course
Nursing 999
Nursing of Optimistic Instructors
Instructor: Dr. Florence Melchior
Tips for Writing a Scholarly Paper in APA Format
The introduction is placed directly below the title of the paper with no other heading. That is, do not write “Introduction” before this section. The introduction should contain a thesis sentence, the purpose of the paper, and what is included in the paper. The essential elements of scholarly style and American Psychological Association (APA) format are introduced in this paper. This is a beginning guide; therefore, students should become familiar with APA format using the manual (APA Publication Manual, 2010). A manual on style is helpful for grammar, punctuation, word choice and sentence structure, although APA also provides direction on these topics. Note that all pages in the paper are identified by a running head, which should appear on the left side of the page and contain salient words from the title. The Body of a Scholarly Paper

The body of a paper contains all the wonderful information a student has gathered or generated that supports/explains/expands the thesis statement. Student papers are most often of the literature review or case study type (See APA, 2010, pp. 10-11) for information about different types of papers/articles). The following paper includes information about writing style (including format) and referencing. A list of common elements and relevant page numbers from the APA Manual are in the Appendix. Some students and instructors find it helpful to put sticky tapes on the pages of the manual that they use most often. Paragraphs in the body of this paper are short and to the point, but in a scholarly paper paragraphs are usually longer (about ½ page) with topic sentences and several supporting statements. A paragraph that is a page or longer often needs organizing into several paragraphs (with one topic for each paragraph) or the information needs to be condensed (see APA, p. 68). WRITING A SCHOLARLY PAPER 3 Writing Style

Writing style is about orderly presentation of ideas, smoothness, and economy of expression, clarity of ideas, word choice, spelling, and grammar. Following are a few elements that students often need to review. Again, a manual on writing style will help students to become a scholarly writer (Northey, 2002). Manuals on style are located in the Medicine Hat College Library under LB 2369 call numbers.

Third person (the patient, the nurse, the student) is required for most student papers. Sometimes, in a reflection assignment for example, first person (I, my) is requested. This paper is written in third person, and illustrates an appropriate use of person in scholarly writing. Second person (you, your, etc.) is never appropriate unless it is a quote from a personal communication. We is usually restricted to authors and coauthors and should not be used to ambiguously indicate many people. However, ‘as students, we…’ is acceptable (APA, 2010, pp. 69-70). Writing the word one, often done in Britain, is discouraged in North America. Rather, use they or insert an occasional I and “use one sparingly” (Northey, 2002, p. 109). Verbs

Active voice is preferred, but passive voice is appropriate when there is a change in focus from an object to an action. Past tense (he showed) and present perfect tense (have shown) are used to denote past actions or conditions and are most appropriate for literature reviews (APA, 2010, pp. 77-79) The present tense may be used to conclude, discuss (for e.g., the instructor’s comments indicate), and sometimes to reflect a clearer and more vigorous writing style (Northey, 2002). The grammar check on most word processing programs will warn...

Citations: in Text pp. 169-179
9. Reference List pp. 180-192
10. Abbreviations for states p. 187
11. Seriation pp. 63-65, 90, 93
12. Numbers pp. 111-115
13. Personal Communication p. 179
14. Secondary Source p. 178
15. Sample Paper pp. 41-59
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