Running Head: LEARNING TO FORMAT PAPERS
Learning to Format Papers
in APA Style
January 10, 2002
Your paper should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5 X 11 inches) with margins of 1 inch on all sides. Your final paper should include, in the order indicated below, as many of the following sections as are applicable, each of which should begin on a separate page: • title page, which includes a running head for publication (also set “header” so the running head title appears on each page with page number), title, name, class, date, and school • abstract
• author note
• figure captions
Consecutively number the pages of your manuscript, beginning with the title page, as part of the manuscript header in the upper right corner of each page. Your references should begin on a separate page from the text of the essay with the title References (with no quotation marks, underlining, etc.), centered at the top of the page. Similarly format appendices and notes. Look at the title page for this handout. Note how it includes the running head and page number in the upper right hand corner, defines the running head that will title all manuscript pages, and centers the title in the middle of the page. If your professor requires a different format for the title page, without question follow the professor’s guidelines. Documentation
Any time you use information from a source, whether you paraphrase, summarize, or quote it, you must document the source. Documentation includes two parts: parenthetical (also called in-text) citations and a References list. The citations refer the reader to the References page for complete source information.
Handling Documentation in Your Text
When using APA format for summaries and paraphrases, follow the author-date method of citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. When using APA format for quotations, follow the author-date method of citation and include the page number(s) on which the original material is found. Examples:
|Jones (1998) compared student performance ... | | | |In a recent study of student performance (Jones, 1998), ... | | | |In 1998, Jones compared student performance ... |
If there is no author to cite, such as when you are citing a web page or article that lists no author, use an abbreviated version of the title in quotation marks to substitute for the name of the author. |Webber did a similar study of students learning to format research papers ("Using APA," 2001). |
If you are citing a work that has no author, no date, and no page numbers, use the first few words from the title, then the abbreviation n.d. (for "no date"), and then use paragraph numbers (if available) or simply leave out any reference to pages. |In another study of students and research decisions, it was discovered that students succeeded with | |tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.). |...
References: Barr, J. (2001). Optical disk storage technology. Retrieved August 7, 2001, from the Faulkner database: http://www.faulkner.com/products.faccts/00005785.htm
Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
DeNike, K. (2001, August). Firewire 16x CD-RW drives. Macworld, 18 (8), 30-32. Retrieved September 1, 2002, from the Proquest database: http://proquest.umi.com/
Gillette, K. (2002). A student response to the nature of research. Journal of Education 16 (7). Retrieved July 27, 2002, from http://www.je.dvu.edu/papers.html
Henry, B., III (2001, May 20). Making the grade in college. Newsweek 127, 17-20.
New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure. (1993, July 15). The Washington Post, p. A12.
O 'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men 's and women 's gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York: Springer.
Note: This document was assembled with assistance from current adopted textbooks, the APA style manual, and the Purdue OWL.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document