ASABE Guide for Authors
Style Guide for ASABE Technical Publications Numbers Units of Measurement Time and Dates Abbreviations in Text Abbreviations in References Abbreviations of States and Territories Figures Tables Equations References ASABE Format for Journal Articles and Meeting and Conference Papers
Style Guide for ASABE Technical Publications
All material should be written in clear, correct American English. All ASABE technical publications use the same editorial style. The best way to become familiar with the general style of ASABE technical publications is to review a recent issue of an ASABE journal. Journal articles and books are edited and prepared for publication by ASABE staff. The ASABE templates provide a manuscript format that is suitable for review and later input into the ASABE production system. ASABE staff will do the layout for the PDF files of these publications, and also move the material into XML for the ASABE Technical Library. Papers from meetings and conferences are not edited by ASABE staff. The ASABE templates for these publications help authors provide a uniform, professional appearance for the PDF file of these publications, and also facilitate moving the material into XML for the ASABE Technical Library. Please use this Style Guide along with an ASABE template for your publication type. If you have questions about style, usage, technical terms, or reference citations, please contact Glenn Laing at email@example.com or 269-932-7014.
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In general, use words for numbers one through nine, and use digits for 10 and over. For a series of numbers, any of which are over 10, use digits for all. Use digits for values followed by abbreviated units. For example: There were five hens in the pen. Use 5 mL of water. The component consisted of 231 parts. The mixture contained 2 parts magnesium, 12 parts copper, and 8 parts lead. When two numbers occur as adjacent adjectives, spell out the first one: There were thirty 9 mm holes in the first section. When a number begins a sentence, spell it out or rewrite the sentence: Fifty samples were prepared. We prepared 50 samples.
Units of Measurement
Express all units of measure in SI (metric) units. You may include U.S. Customary units in parentheses in special instances, such as for specifications that were originally supplied in nonmetric units. For a further explanation of units and conversions, refer to ASAE Standard EP285.7: “Use of SI (Metric) Units.” There should be a space between the number and the unit: 5g 20 ha except for percentages and degrees: 37% 27°C In a series of measurements, indicate the unit at the end: 3, 6, and 8 cm. except for percentages and degrees: 2°C to 10°C (not 2 to 10°C) 15% to 25% (not 15 to 20%) Precede fractional decimal values with a zero: 0.0125 (not .0125) A comma is optional for numbers consisting of four digits: 1000 kg or 1,000 kg Use a comma for four-digit and larger numbers: 10,000 kg (not 10000 kg) For publications other than journals, authors may use a space, e.g., 10 000 kg, if they prefer. Express derived units in exponent form with spaces between the elements of the derived unit: 12 kg m-2 32 MJ m-2 d-1
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Use the 24-hour clock notation, in which hours are numbered consecutively 1 through 24. The day begins at midnight (00:00 h), and the last minute of the day is at 23:59 h. The notation “24:00 h on 14 January” is the same time as “00:00 h on 15 January.” 4:00 a.m. = 04:00 h 12:00 noon = 12:00 h 10:43 p.m. = 22:43 h
Write all dates in day-month-year format, with no punctuation and with names, rather than numbers, for the months: 12 January 2002 29 April to 17 May 4 to 16 August In tables, the names of months may be abbreviated to save space, as: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.
Abbreviations in Text
In general, spell out abbreviations that that might be unfamiliar to the...
References: Appendix, and Nomenclature
The title should briefly identify the subject and indicate the purpose of the document. A multipart article should use a main title for the series and a unique subtitle for each part, even if the combination exceeds 10 words. Capitalize the first word of the title and the first letter of each word in the title except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions (the, beyond, about, and, etc.).
Authors, Affiliations, etc.
Follow the template for your publication type. Journal articles use the authors’ initials and last names directly below the title, with the authors’ full names and affiliations (either current or at the time the work was done) in a following section called the Article Notes. Meeting and conference papers may have each author’s full name followed by their affiliation, or have the author’s full information in a footnote. Article Notes or footnotes are also used to: • Indicate if the information contained in the article was previously presented at a conference or meeting. • Indicate manuscript approval by your sponsoring organization or employer, if necessary, and list any disclaimers. • List the current contact information for the corresponding author, including the full mailing address, phone number, and e-mail address.
The abstract should provide a clear and concise (aim for
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