Citation and Library Services Guide

Topics: 2008, Citation, Bibliography Pages: 27 (5007 words) Published: November 25, 2013
Library Services www.arts.ac.uk/library
Guide to the Harvard System of Referencing
Contents
1. Introduction
1.1 Disclaimer
1.2 Organising your research
1.3 Using Zotero or Other Referencing
Tools
1.4 Definitions

4.5 Acts of Parliament
4.6 Anonymous works
4.7 Published proceedings, conference

and symposium papers
4.8 Journal and newspaper articles
4.9 Unpublished theses
4.10Exhibition catalogues
4.11 Reports
4.12 Translations

2. Citing in the text
2.1 Basic citing
2.2 More than one author
2.3 More than three authors
2.4 Organisation as an author
2.5 No author or organisation
2.6 More than one reference at the same

part of the text
2.7 More than one item published in the

same year by the same author
2.8 Authors with the same surname and

works published in the same year

5. Electronic sources
5.1 E-journals
5.2 E-books
5.3 CD-ROMS and computer programs
5.4 World Wide Web documents
5.5 Emails
5.6 Email discussion lists
5.7 Blogs
5.8 Wikis
5.9 Podcasts
5.10YouTube videos

3. Citing quotations
3.1 Brief quotations
3.2 Quotations of three or more lines
3.3 Quotations within quotations
3.4 Words added to a quotation for

clarification
3.5 Citing a section in a film
3.6 Citing information from an interview
3.7 Citing images

6. Audio-visual sources
6.1 Film
6.2 Off-air recordings
6.3 TV Programmes
6.4 Radio programmes
7. Events
7.1 Exhibitions
7.2 Performance
7.3 Interviews

4. References for the bibliography
4.1 General conventions
4.2 Books
4.3 Books of collected works (chapters or

sections within books)
4.4 Encyclopaedia entries

8. Images
8.1 Images from printed sources
8.2 Online images
8.3 Works of art in museums/galleries
1

Library Services

Guide to the Harvard System of Referencing
9. Sample bibliography
10. Common conventions
11. Contact for amendments
1. Introduction
When you use the words or ideas of another author in your work using a reference system allows you to clearly acknowledge their contribution, whether you quote directly or just refer to them. It also ensures that people reading your written work can find that author’s work for themselves.

Demonstrating the body of knowledge on which the work is based will help you avoid plagiarism, i.e. taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as your own. 1.1 Disclaimer
There is no definitive version of the Harvard system of referencing; this guide is advisory and seeks to offer a consistent approach to the system.
1.2 Organising your research
During the course of your research you will collect many references; it is essential that you record as much detail as possible and be sure the information is accurate. This will save time later when re-tracing references or when you need to incorporate a reference into your bibliography.

1.3 Using Zotero or Other Referencing Tools
There is no definitive version of the Harvard system of referencing; this guide is advisory only. If you are using Zotero or any other referencing tool, you may have to manually edit your bibliography to match the advice in this guide. Whichever style you follow, you should seek to be consistent in the bibliography and citations. If you have any questions, you should always consult your course team.

1.4 Definitions
Citation
Every time you summarise, paraphrase, quote or copy the work of another you should include a citation in your document. At the point in your work where you refer to a particular source you cite the author’s surname and the year of publication. e.g.

How to write a research project is clearly outlined in Berry (2004).

2

Library Services

Guide to the Harvard System of Referencing
Reference
Every citation should have a corresponding reference. A reference is a detailed description of the item from which you obtained your information....

References: Spiro, L. (2008) Latch-hooking rugs. London: A & C. Black.
Bailey, S. (2006) Academic writing: a handbook for international students. 2nd ed. London:
Routledge.
Spence, B. ed. (1993) Secondary school management in the 1990s: challenge and
change
Dedet, Y. (2006) Yann Dedet. In: Crittenden, R. Fine cuts: the art of European film editing.
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