EDU 601 Week 1 Lec 2 7 Feb

Topics: Bibliography, Citation, Reference Pages: 26 (1346 words) Published: February 10, 2015
EDU 601
EDUCATIONAL
RESEARCH
Lecture 2
07 Feb 15
Ms. Jasmine Mohammed

Overview
•General Elements of a Research
Proposal.
•Referencing
•Annotated Bibliography

SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

2

Recap
1. Research
is________________________________.
2. List 5 characteristics of research.
3. State 3 reasons why research is important.
4. Research questions may arise
from________,___________,____________ and
__________.
5. List 3 things to consider while choosing a
research topic.

SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

3

General Elements of a Research Proposal
• Abstract
1.Introduction-background, purpose, significance, hypothesis or guiding questions.
2. Literature Review
3. Methodology/Methods
4. Data analysis
5. Findings-relationship to literature/theory and practice (qualitative) 6. Timeline
7. Budget
8.Research outcomes
9. Reference
10. Appendixes
SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

4

Abstract
• Summary of paper
• A good abstract summarizes the key points of
your paper without providing unnecessary details.
Five sections or areas of focus:
• why the experiment/research was conducted;
• the problem being addressed;
• what methods were used to solve the problem;
• the major results obtained; and
• the overall conclusions from the experiment as a
whole.
SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

5

Introduction
• Background
• Purpose
• Research Questions/hypothesis
Examples:
RQ-What is the relationship between instructional approach and spelling achievement for fourth grade students?
Hypothesis1.Null Hypothesis- stated as there is no significant difference There is no significant difference between rewards and learning spelling among fourth grade children.
2. Directional Hypothesis- indicates direction
Fourth grade students perform better in spelling when they receive rewards.
SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

6

Literature Review
•the effective evaluation of selected
documents on a research topic.
•research paper or thesis- literature
review is a critical synthesis of previous
research.
•The evaluation of the literature leads
logically to the research question.
SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

7

Methodology /Research Design
•“….A general strategy for solving a research
problem” (Leedy & Ormrod, 2010: 85).
•Provides the overall structure for
procedures, data collection and data
analysis.
•Also known as research planning.
•Types: Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed
Approach
SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

8

Methods
• Tools/strategies/instruments for collecting data
• Research design informs the methods.
• Examples: questionnaires, interviews, experiments,
observations, survey ……
• Sampling
• Four fundamental questions:
1. What data are needed?
2.Where are the data located?
3. How will you get data?
4.How will the data be interpreted?

SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

9

Data Analysis
• Interpreting data; Making sense of what you have
gathered.
• Different approaches to data analyses- text
analysis, statistical analysis (descriptive &
Inferential),
• Software available to categorize, analyze, depict
data in graph forms and interpret.
• Research design and data collection methods
inform type of analysis.
SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

10

Research Outcomes

• What will you achieve?
• Benefits-local, national,
regional, others.
• New ways of doing things, new
knowledge/tool….

SoE

Higher Education Graduate Certificate in Education/Bachelor of Education

11...
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