The Harvard referencing system
It is important that you identify in your assessment when you are using the words or ideas of another author. The most accepted way of acknowledging the work of another author is to use a referencing system. It is important that you write down the details of your sources as you study. When taking notes, use a separate page for each new book, journal article, or electronic source. At the top of each page, clearly record the following information for future reference. For books, record:
* The author’s or editor’s name (or names)
* The year the book was published
* The title of the book
* If it is an edition other than the first
* The city the book was published in
* The name of the publisher
For journal articles record:
* The author’s name or names
* The year in which the journal was published
* The title of the article
* The title of the journal
* The page number/s of the article in the journal
* As much other information as you can find about the journal, for example the volume and issue numbers For electronic resources, try to collect the information on the left if it is available, but also record: * The date you accessed the source
* The electronic address or email
* The type of electronic resource (email, discussion forum, WWW page, etc) Whenever you use someone else’s ideas or words, you must put in a reference. Direct quotations – this is when you copy another author’s material word-for-word. You should show the reader that it is a direct quote by placing the material in inverted commas. Traditionally, double inverted commas have been used (“) but it is now acceptable, and preferable to use single inverted commas (‘). Sometimes it is difficult to avoid the direct quotation as the author’s words may precisely describe the point you are trying to make.
An example for direct quote from a book or journal article with one author: When organising...
References: and the title should be in the same font and size as the other headings in your assignment.
When you use the Harvard System, you are only usually required to produce a reference list.
It is generally important in the text of an assignment to show the reader the author’s name, date of publication and page numbers of the original source. In the reference list, it is important that the author’s name, the year of publication, relevant titles, and other access information is faithfully reproduced.
Department of Lifelong Learning: Study Skills Series http://education.exeter.ac.uk/dll/studyskills/harvard_referencing.htm
Central Queensland University ESLS Unit (2001) Referencing: The Harvard referencing system, [Online], Available: http://www.cqu.edu.au/edserv/undegrad/clc/content/resources.htm [14 Aug 2001]
Lewis, D. (ed.) (1999) The written assignment, Brisbane: QUT Publications.
Wells, D. (2001) Harvard referencing, [Online], Available: http://lisweb.curtin.edu.au/guides/handouts/harvard.html [14 Aug 2001].
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