Impact of the Lack of Proper Communication and Feedback from Leaders”

Topics: Citation, APA style, Reference Pages: 48 (10307 words) Published: June 2, 2013
Research Papers and Reports
Using APA Style

For:All Undergraduate Students

Course Year:2007 / 2008

K. Moed
Academy for European Studies and Communication Management The Hague University - Haagse Hogeschool
The Hague, September 2007


1.1CitingError! Bookmark not defined.
1.2Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing3
2In-Text Citations5
2.1The Basics5
2.2Some basic examples: one author6
2.3Two authors7
2.4Sources with 3-5 authors7
2.5Source with 6 or more authors8
2.6Group author8
2.7Citations for works with unknown authors9
2.8Citing several different works by different authors9
2.9Secondary sources9
2.10Citing translations10
2.11Citations for interviews and personal communication10 2.12Internet sources10
2.13Anonymous Internet sources11
2.14Audiovisual media11
3Reference List: Printed Sources12
3.2.1General format12
3.2.2One author13
3.2.3No author identified13
3.2.4Two to six authors13
3.2.5More than six authors13
3.2.6Edited work13
3.2.7Multi volume work / Encyclopedia - Dictionary13
3.2.9Two or more works by the same author14
3.3Other non-periodical documents14
3.3.1General format14
3.3.2Individual authors14
3.3.3Corporate author15
3.3.4Organisational author15
3.4Articles in periodicals16
3.4.1General format16
3.4.2Articles in scholarly and professional journals16
3.4.3Articles in (monthly, weekly) magazines17
3.4.4Articles in newspapers17
3.5Articles in books18
3.5.1Article (chapter) in an edited work18
3.5.2Article (entry) in a reference work18
3.6Other periodical articles19
3.6.2Letter to the editor19
3.6.3Published interview19
4Reference List: Electronic Sources20
4.2Non-periodical documents on the Internet21
4.2.1General format21
4.2.21-6 authors21
4.2.3More than 6 authors22
4.2.4Documents with corporate author22
4.2.5Documents with organisational author22
4.2.6No author identified23
4.2.7Entries in a reference work23
4.3Articles from periodicals on the Internet23
4.3.1General format23
4.3.2Articles from online journals23
4.3.3Articles from online magazines24
4.3.4Articles from online newspapers25
4.3.5Articles from subscription databases25
4.3.6Electronic books26
4.4Documents with Web-based formats26
4.4.3Online forum – discussion board27
5Reference List: Audio-Visual Media28
5.2Different types of media28
5.2.2Audio Recording28
5.2.3Motion Picture28
5.2.4Television Broadcast28
5.2.5Television Series29
5.2.6Music Recording29
6Footnotes and Endnotes30
7Overview basic formats in-text references31
8Overview basic formats reference list32
9Quick Reference Card: In-Text Citations33
10Quick Reference Card: Reference List34
10.1Example List of References36
11Appendix A: Signal Phrases37
11.1Neutral Verbs37
11.2Stronger Verbs37
11.3Inference Verbs37
11.4Expressing your own opinion38


1 Referencing

When you are writing a paper or a report based on research you will have to refer to the articles, books, and other sources that provide illustration and support for your argument. You must always give precise references (citations)[1] that indicate what you have derived from each source - facts, opinions, ideas, graphs, tables - and where in the work you found the material. Why should you cite?


Citations: Biography of Martin Luther King jr. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2005, from The Martin Luther King Jr. Research Institute at Stanford University Web site:
Chou, L., McClintock, R., Moretti, F., Nix, D
Franklin, M.N. (1995). Voting behavior. In The Encyclopedia of Democracy. (Vol. IV, pp. 1346-1353). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly.
Hanson, D., & Williams, G. (1991). The weight loss obsession. British Psychologist, 21(2), 5-32.
McFergison, H. (1997). The socio-cultural impact of television on children. Psychology Monthly, 23, 437-449.
Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today 's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.
Merriam-Webster 's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster
Newhart, B
Reed, S. & Reinhardt, A. (2005, August 5). The New Face of Royal Dutch Shell. Business Week Online. Retrieved May 25, 2006, from Business Source Elite database.
Smith, J. (1997). Growing up in the country. New York: Doubleday.
Tollifson, J. (1997). Imperfection is a beautiful thing: On disability and mediation. In K. Fries (Ed.), Staring back (pp. 105-112). New York: Plume
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