Term papers serve many purposes. For the student, a term paper provides an opportunity to explore a subject in greater depth than is possible during the course of a normal class. For the instructor, term papers are an indication of the student’s ability to research, organize, synthesize, and present information. In addition, the workplace has expressed a strong desire for employees, especially management employees who can provide clearly written documents on a variety of business issues. This paper provides the necessary information to properly organize and format term papers as required in this course taught by your professor. The student should closely follow this format when submitting papers. Failure to follow this format when required will result in significant loss of points. In addition, specific information is provided regarding the importance of maintaining academic honesty as well as guidance for properly citing research materials. This paper uses the American Psychological Associations (APA) format for citations. All submitted papers to this professor should use the APA format for of citations to avoid loss of points. Guidance on the proper use of the APA style can be found later in this sample paper.
Academic honesty can be reduced to some very basic principles. Lipson (2004) provides three fundamental principles: •
if you say you did the work, it is really your work,
if you relied on someone else’s work, give them proper credit, •
when you present research materials, do it truthfully, completely, and without bias In a more general sense, honesty is about taking responsibility for your actions. In the academic and business worlds, there is little that is done that does not rely on the prior work of others. Truly unique research or idea creation is extremely rare. It is important then to recognize the sources of the ideas, facts, and other research material that provides the basis for our work.
Deciding exactly when to cite is not without some controversy. In general, citations should accompany any specific facts or ideas that were not developed or created by the writer. To make the statement that ‘the population of California is 45 million’ requires a source unless the writer counted each person in California. A more general statement such as ‘California is one of the Western States’ would not require a source. It becomes less clear with a statement such as ‘California is one of the more populated States’. Where did the information come from? Is it a supposition, a ‘commonly known fact’, or was the information from an article or book that was read? The latter requires a citation.
Providing proper citations to recognize other people’s work is only part of the equation. Academic honesty also means that the student does their own work. From a practical standpoint, this means writing their own paper and other assignments and taking responsibility for them. Buying papers or having someone else write them is an unacceptable practice and subjects the student to discipline including dismissal at most institutions. It is ethically unacceptable. Having another party critique your paper or assist in locating grammatical and spelling errors is acceptable and encouraged. Plagiarism
Simply stated, plagiarism is representing someone else’s work as your own (Lipson, 2004). Plagiarism is not always intentional, although it frequently is. Anytime that a statement is made in an assignment such as a term paper which is not cited, it is assumed to be the original work of the author. If it was not, then it is plagiarism. In a very real sense, plagiarism is a form of theft. A plagiarist is stealing someone else’s work and claiming it is your own.
The key to avoiding plagiarism is to give credit where credit is due. Cite sources including facts, ideas, images, charts, graphs, and other material that were borrowed from other sources. It is always better to err on the side of over citing...
Citations: Ferrell, Fraedrich, and Ferrell (2008) provide a number of timely examples where business ethics are at issue. Using current events, they are able to highlight the importance of maintaining a high level of ethical behavior in business today.
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