poverty and child maltreatment

Topics: Child abuse, Domestic violence, Neglect Pages: 12 (2674 words) Published: November 2, 2013
 Research paper
Poverty and child maltreatment Subject:
Research methods

Submitted by:
Arooj Khalid
Poverty and Child maltreatment

1-Introduction:
Child maltreatment means abuse, neglect, and desertion of a child by the caretaker (a parent, guardian, protector, or a foster parent). The caretaker may be anyone who is ten years of age or older and entrusted with the care of the child. Child maltreatment occur when the caretakers harm the child, lets harm come to the child, or fails to meet child basic needs. Child maltreatment also includes sexual abuse and exploitation of a child whether by a caretaker or another person.

Child maltreatment founds all forms of child abuse including physical abuse, emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and negligent treatment ant exploitation of children, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child health, survival, development of dignity in context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. Physical Abuse of a child results in actual or potential physical harm from an interaction or lack of an interaction. Emotional Abuse includes the failure to provide a supportive environment for the child, and actions towards the child that cause or have a high chance of causing harm to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.. Neglect is the failure to provide for the development of the child in all areas relating to the child's well-being: health, education, emotional development, nutrition, shelter and safe living conditions Child maltreatment occurs in many forms and across all socio economic groups. We know that most parents who live in poverty do not maltreat their children and parent effectively, but research show that the children who grow up in poverty can be more vulnerable to some forms of maltreatment, particularly neglect and physical abuse. They also have an increased threat of adverse experiences and harmful outcomes. These outcomes include poor health, death from illness or accident, educational disadvantage and disaffection, unemployment, poverty during adulthood, criminalization for anti-social behavior or offending, as well as becoming victims of crime. Children who experience both poverty and maltreatment are doubly underprivileged because the experience of maltreatment may in turn further undermine life chances in the long term. Most parents who are maltreating their children will be not volunteer information about this behavior.in other instances they are aware of inappropriateness of their acts and fear the consequences of admitting of this behavior. Explicitly parents may be ashamed of how they treat their children, they may be afraid of family or societal condemnation, or they may fear intervention of child protective services or the police. Although the effects of poverty toward child maltreatment are evident to some degree, there are consequences that occur because these families live impoverished lifestyle. In many cases impoverished lifestyle and environments may lead families to many forms of child abuse and neglect. Moreover scholar have shown that often times when a family deals with economic hardship the children are more likely to experience problem such as physical and mental health. There are many other factors which cause the child maltreatment but the main factor is lack f income.

2-Hypothesis:
Null hypothesis
There is no relationship between poverty and child maltreatment. Alternative hypothesis
There is relationship between poverty and child maltreatment.

3-Literature review:
This section reviews the previous studies on the determinants of...

References: Eckenrode, John, Molly Laird, and John Doris. 1993. "School Performance and Disciplinary Problems among Abused and Neglected Children." Developmental Psychology 29:53-62.
Freyer, R. G. Jr., S. D. Levitt (2004) Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School. Review of Economics and Statistics, 86(2): 447–464.
Eckenrode, J., E. Rowe, M. Laird, J. Brathwaite (1995) Mobility as a Mediator of the Effects of Child Maltreatment on Academic Performance. Child Development, 66 (4) 1130-1142.
Cawson P, Wattam C, Brooker S & Kelly C (2000), Child maltreatment in the UK. London: NSPCC.
Baldwin and Spencer (1993) Deprivation and Child Abuse: Implications for Strategic planning in Children’s Services
Cawson, P. (2002) Child maltreatment in the family. The experience of a national sample of young people. London: NSPCC
Creighton, Susan J
Minty, B. (2005) The Nature of Emotional Child Neglect and Abuse. In: Taylor, J. & Daniel, B. Child Neglect - Practice Issues for Health and Social Care. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Bifulco, A
Cawson P, Wattam C, Brooker S & Kelly C (2000), Child maltreatment in the UK.
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