Proper Citation, Quotation and Referencing Using the Publication Manual of the Apa, 6th Edition

Topics: Citation, Quotation mark, Quotation Pages: 10 (1764 words) Published: April 13, 2010

Proper Citation, Quotation and Referencing Using

The Publication Manual of the APA, 6th Edition

Sample Paper Free Essays

Biffy Wentworth



Proper Citation, Quotation and Referencing Using

The Publication Manual of the APA, 6th Edition

Every student at some time in his or her college career will be called on to write a term

paper for a course. Many students have never learned, or have not been taught, the proper form

of citation, quotation and referencing using the Publication Manual of the APA. When students

use citations incorrectly, they are running the risk that they are plagiarizing the author of the text

that they are referencing in their paper. Whether these errors are intentional or unintentional, they

are difficult to overcome. If the citations are incorrect, many of the facts stated and referenced in

the paper may be incorrect as well. This will reflect poorly on the outcome of the student’s grade

for the paper being reviewed. And that is unfortunate, since it is within the student’s grasp to

review the Publication Manual of the APA for proper information regarding citations and

quotations. In this way, the papers have the best opportunity to be well written, well cited and an

interesting format for everyone involved in the process.

The 6th Edition is the latest version of the manual of style, and it is a well written guide


for students to follow when completing their college level term papers and written assignments.

Most professors at the college level, expect students to know how to use the Publication Manual

of the APA to reference the citations and quotations used in the papers the students present on

various assigned topics. When the students are able to utilize the Publication Manual of the APA

correctly, the papers are reflective of solid references and correct citations, and will most likely

earn a higher grade than those that are submitted with incorrect citations and notations.

Students who utilize the Publication Manual of the APA, 6th Edition are referencing the

best source for correctly giving credit to the authors of the information used within their term

papers and assignments. It is imperative that students give credit where credit is due, and that

they learn to follow the manual of style for giving credit to the copyrighted work of authors used

in their term papers submitted for review and grading. Students will need to use primary sources

when referencing work cited within the body of the paper they are writing. For example, if a

student is writing a paper on saving the polar bears, it will be important to get the best sources

for the paper and to provide correct citations for those sources used.

Before a student can cite a source, it is important to note that some sources are better than


others. Many students will use library sources or books as sources for their assignments. There

are also a variety of sources available on the internet. It is critical that students understand what

to use and not to use as references for internet sources.

If a student wants to write a paper on saving the polar bears, using a Wikipedia or blog as

a reference point is not the best idea. These sources are actually just the writer’s personal

opinion, and will rarely be backed by credible information. Also, if the student goes to a website

that has strong views for or against the topic, he or she may be using a biased site that is less than

professional. The best websites to use for this type of project would be sites that are university

based, have been peer reviewed, or are part of larger scientific studies on the polar bears and

efforts to save...

Citations: varies depending on whether using print or electric form. When citing print sources, give the
“author, year, and page number in parentheses” (Publication Manual of the APA, 2010, p
properly cited secondary source would need to include the name of the original work, and the
citation for the secondary source (Publication Manual of the APA, 2010, p
citation will look like this:
Gleason and McLurkin’s study (as cited in Tressel, Roger, 1990)
quotation mark is used “within double quotation marks to set off material that is in the original
source” (Publication Manual of the APA, 2010, p
spaces from the left margin, in the same position as a new paragraph (Publication Manual of the
APA, 2010, p
Johnson’s (1998) study on polar bears found the following:
Polar bears live in the Northern Hemisphere only
Johnson, Jeremy P. & Babush, Max R. (1998). The Complexities of Studying the Great Polar
Bear in the Wild
American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication Manual of the American
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