SHU harvard referencing style

Topics: Citation, Bibliography, Parenthetical referencing Pages: 73 (19331 words) Published: November 8, 2014
Guide to Referencing and Citations
Sheffield Hallam University
Learning and Information Services
Accurate and consistent referencing is essential in all academic work. Whenever you refer to either the work or ideas of someone or are influenced by another's work, you must acknowledge this. Similarly if you use a direct quotation from someone's work this should be referred to accurately.

There are a number of systems of referencing. This guide offers detailed guidance based on a range of British and international standards for producing references and bibliographies according to the Harvard method. You may be asked to use another system, such as a numeric system or to use a different version of the Harvard method. If this is the case, please refer to your course handbook or tutors for guidance. This guide does not cover the use of footnotes as these are not used in the Harvard method.

You can search this document or use the contents list below Contents:
What is referencing?

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Why should you reference?

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When should you reference?

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What should you reference?

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Plagiarism

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How to reference using the Harvard method

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Principles of citing

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How to cite
Citing sources with one author
Citing sources with two or three authors
Citing sources with more than three authors
Citing edited sources
Citing corporate authors: organisations, companies and institutions Citing more than one source by the same author(s)
Citing when you cannot identify the author(s) of a source
Citing when you cannot identify the year
Citing quotations
Citing images, diagrams, tables and figures
Citing reproduced images, diagrams, tables and figures
Citing images, diagrams, tables and figures that you have created Citing artworks
Citing more than once from the same source
Where to put citations
Relating your citations to your work
Citing several sources together
Citing in appendices
Quoting

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Quotation marks and indenting quotations
Omitting part of a quotation

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Quoting sources not in English
Quoting translated sources

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Paraphrasing and summarising

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Secondary referencing - for when you haven't read it, but you have read about it

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Bibliographies and reference lists

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What's the difference between a bibliography and a reference list? The format of a bibliography or reference list
Example bibliography

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Principles of referencing electronic and internet sources

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Author(s) in references and citations

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Author's names and initials
Multiple authors
Corporate authors - organisations, companies and institutions

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The year in references and citations

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The publication year
Years and internet sources
What if there is no year?

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How to use the referencing and citing examples

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Referencing and citing examples

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Books

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Book with one author
Book with two authors
Book with three authors
Book with more than three authors
Book with a single editor
Book with two editors
Book with three editors
Book with more than three editors
Book with a corporate author (organisation, company or government) Books with no identifiable authors or editors
Anonymous books
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Electronic book from a database
Electronic book from the web
Electronic book from an e-book reader
Book with a subtitle
Book chapter
Chapter in an electronic book
Part of an anthology
Part of an encyclopedia
Part of an electronic encyclopedia
A volume of a multivolume book
Book with an introduction / foreword
Introduction / foreword to a book
Information on the cover of a book - author/source is given
Information on the cover of a book - where no author/source is given Edited play or other literary work...
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