APA versus MLA: what style guide do you use?
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is, originally, a set of rules that authors use when submitting papers for publications in the journals of the APA. Established in 1929, the style has since been used to guide research writers and help them achieve – through the use of established standards for language, the construction of correct reference citations, the avoidance of plagiarism, the proper use of headers, among many others – "minimum distraction and maximum precision". As a complete style and guideline for writing, the APA is a valuable tool for writing scientific papers, laboratory reports, and papers covering topics in the field of psychology, education, and other social sciences. The APA style allows for in-text citations, direct quotations, and endnotes and footnotes. It is also enables the author to use the past tense of verbs in the reportage. Standards of the APA style include:
Bibliographic list of references
Alphabetical order by author in the bibliographic list, then chronological by work •
Referenced authors organized in the bibliographic list by last name, first initial, then middle initial •
Italicized titles of periodicals listed in the bibliography, with the words of the title capitalized •
Titles of books capitalized according to "sentence-style" capitalization •
In-text citations in parenthesis, with the author's last name, year of publication, and page number included (Smith, 1988. p. 4) •
Page numbers – plus the shortened title of the work – placed in the upper right of every page •
Title centered an inch below the top of the page
Double-spaced footnotes / endnotes, used sparingly for non-crucial information, and which are subscripted with a number that relates to the footnote MLA
The Modern Language Association (MLA) style is the leading style of documentation for literary research, as well as academic papers in the humanities...
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