Tennis Racket

Topics: Tennis, Racquet, Real tennis Pages: 12 (4086 words) Published: September 21, 2013


Tennis Racket

Table content
History …………………………………………………………………………………....3 History of Tennis………………….………………………………………………......3 History of Tennis Racke………………………………………………………..……..4 Tennis Racket and Biomechanics...………………………………………………………7 Modern Tennis Racket………………………………………………………………....7 Strings………………………………………………………………………………….7 Biomachnicas…………………………………………………………………………..9 Injuries and Future Development……………….………………………………………..13 Injuries………………………………………………………………………………….13 Future Development……...……………………………………………………………..15 Reference…………………………………………………………………………………...16

1 History
1.1 History of Tennise
Amazingly, the historical development of tennis dates back several thousands of years. So, people who are involve in historical researches of this great sport claim to have found evidence of playing tennis in ancient Greece culture.

Figure 1 and 2 People playing tennis

The History of tennis game was developed from a 12th century French handball game called "Paume" (palm). In this game the ball was struck with the hand. After some time "Paume" game produced handball "Jeu de Paume" (game of the palm) and there were used racquets. The game was first created by European monks for entertainment roles during ceremonial occasions. At first, the ball was hit with hands. Later, the leather glove came into existence. This leather glove was replaced with an adaptive handle for effective hitting and serving of the ball. That was a birth of tennis racquet. Development of tennis racquet, tennis balls also underwent frequent modifications. First tennis ball was from wood. Later in the history of tennis ball was filled with cellulose material to give way to a bouncier. Monks from all areas of Europe favored "Jeu de Paume" game during 14th century much to the chagrin of the mother Church. The game spread and evolved in Europe. The game became very popular, especially in France, where was adopted by the royal family. In the year of 1316 French king Louis X dies after hard "Jeu de Paume" game (other terms of this stage of game are Royal Tennis in Great Britain, Royal Tennis in Australia, Court Tennis in the United States), but this death does null to damp the popularity of the recreation. The modern sport is tied to two separate inventions.

Between 1859 and 1865, in Birmingham, England, Major Harry Gem, a solicitor, and his friend Augurio Perera, a Spanish merchant, combined elements of the game of rackets and the Spanish ball game Pelota and played it on a croquet lawn in Edgbaston. In 1872, both men moved to Leamington Spa and in 1874, with two doctors from the Warneford Hospital, founded the world's first tennis club, the Leamington Tennis Club. In December 1873, Major Walter Clopton Wingfield designed and patented a similar game—which he called Sphairistikè (from ancient Greek meaning "skill at playing at ball"), and was soon known simply as "sticky"—for the amusement of his guests at a garden party on his estate of Nantclwyd, in Llanelidan, Wales. He likely based his game on the evolving sport of outdoor tennis including real tennis. Much of modern tennis terminology also derives from this period, as Wingfield borrowed both the name and much of the French vocabulary of real tennis and applied them to his new game. He patented the game in 1874 with an eight-page rule book titled "Sphairistike or Lawn Tennis", but he failed to succeed in enforcing his patent. In his version the game was played on an hour-glass shaped court and the net was higher (4 feet 8 inches). The service had to be made from a diamond-shaped box at one end only and the service had to bounce beyond the service line instead of in front of it. He adopted the Rackets-based system of scoring where games consisted of 15 points. 1.2 History of Tennis Racket

As mentioned before, tennis was first played by French monks in the 11th or 12th century, and the first "racquets" were made of human flesh. It...
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