Chicago Manual of Style Documentation Approaches
(Endnotes OR author-date)
The Chicago Manual of Style provides guidelines for two different citation systems.¹ Consult your lecturer to find out if a Chicago Manual style is used in your subject area, and if it is, check which system is preferred. The CMS 15th ed. has specific guidelines on citing Internet sources.² More information about electronic sources can be found on the Chicago Manual’s Q & A Web page.³ Examples are based on: 1. The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003), chap. 16. (hereafter cited as CMS). Reference Z 253 Chi 2003 2. CMS, chap. 17. 3. University of Chicago, “The Chicago Manual of Style Q & A,” University of Chicago, http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/cmosfaq/cmosfaq.html
1. Humanities style – Notation system (using endnotes)
All sources (for example each quotation, paraphrase or summary) are consecutively numbered with a superscript numeral in the text. The bibliographic information for each source appears as numbered endnotes at the end of the text – or footnotes at the bottom of each page. There is usually no need for an additional bibliography, unless footnotes are used. (If a bibliography is required, see the humanities style recommended overleaf. For the way to use footnotes, refer to chap. 16 of CMS). Book Edited book Chapter in book Thesis Secondary source
Web pages (author, “doc title”,
title or owner of the site, URL, (accessed date – optional (see CMS 17.237))
1. Carl Kaufman, Ronald Perlman, and Michael Speciner, Network Security: Private Communication in a Public World (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995). 2. D. I. Jackson and N. E. Looney, eds., Temperate and Subtropical Fruit Production, 2nd ed. (New York: CABI Publishing, 1999). 3. R. L. Collette, “Harvesting Techniques,” in The Seafood Industry, ed. Roy E. Martin and George J. Flick (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990), 471-526. 4. T. N. Brown,...
Bibliography: Brownsey, P. 2001. Ferns: The glory of the forest. New Zealand Geographic 49:64-82. Laird, M. 1999. The flowering of the landscape garden: English pleasure grounds, 1720-1800.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Note: 1. Abbreviate authors’ given names as initials. Invert the author’s name, putting the family name first. If there is more than one author, only invert the name of the first author. 2. Put the date of publication after the author’s name. 3. Capitalize the first letter of the main title and subtitle; other words have small letters (though proper names are capitalized). 4. Inclusion of subtitles is recommended, but subtitles can be omitted if space is limited. 5. Journal titles may be abbreviated.
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