4 types of Note-taking
A direct quote copies the author’s exact words from a source. A direct quotation should only be recorded when the exact wording of the author has specific value. These should be written with quotation marks on either side. Use ellipses (…) to show omitted portions and brackets [ ] to show any words that have been added or changed.
A paraphrase is more useful than a direct quotation because the researcher has already written the idea in his or her own words.
A summary note will be much shorter than the original source. These notes are useful for remembering large amounts of information.
Personal thoughts are most useful when writing a research paper because they can be used in their entirety without fear of plagiarism. These thoughts might be opinions on something we have read, suggestions for further research or any of many other thoughts.
Guidelines in A.P.A and M.L.A in text citation
APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). See below for more examples of in-text citation.
Within the text of your paper, include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list.
When a writer either quotes a specific source or refers to information from a specific source, he gives credit to that source either by directly naming the author or book, or by putting that info in parentheses at the end of the quote or sentence. These are called in-text citations. The first method uses a “signal phrase” to indicate that something taken from a source (such as a quotation, summary, or paraphrase) is about to be used. (Usually the signal phrase includes the author's name). The...
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