Critical Issue Analysis
June 26, 2015
Critical Issue Analysis
In today’s society, there is a diverse population of people living in America. Each culture has different morals, values, behaviors, and practices. One of these differences amongst cultures is the way in which children are raised. The article Racial Differences in Parenting Style Typologies and Heavy Episodic Drinking Trajectories (Clark, McClernon, Yang, & Fuemmeler, 2015) discusses many of these differences, as well as the impact that alcohol has on these childrearing practices. Article Summary
The article Racial Differences in Parenting Style Typologies and Heavy Episodic Drinking Trajectories (Clark et al., 2015) examines the racial differences between black and white parenting methods and the association with the “changes in heavy episodic drinking from adolescence to young adulthood” (p. 697). The researchers implored a study utilizing an analytical sample of 9,942 adolescents coming from a National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, and the ages ranged from 12-31 (Clark et al., 2015). A confirmatory factor analysis and factor mixture modeling were used to compare parenting styles based on parental acceptance and control. Heavy Episodic Drinking (HED) trajectories were evaluated using a “zero-inflated Poisson multi-group latent growth curve modeling approach” (Clark et al., 2015, p. 698). The mixture model found four heterogeneous groups were different based on the variables, parental acceptance and control. As a result there was a balance of 65.8% of the entire sample, authoritarian was 12.2%, permissive was 19.4%, and neglectful represented 2.7%. No matter if the subject was black or white, 12 year olds who were children of authoritarian parents had a higher likelihood of not becoming or engaging in HED than others in the study (Clark et al., 2015). However, black youth who stated HED at 12 years old, were found to have a higher association between authoritarian parenting and HED. This increased yearly as the age increased. For white children, neglectful, permissible, and authoritarian parenting was not associated with HED as age increased. As a conclusion, the article argued that the influence of parenting methods on HED during childhood persists into young adulthood and differs by race for youth involved with HED (Clark et al., 2015). Strengths and Weaknesses
As with any article, this article had several strengths and weaknesses. One of the strengths of the article was that the researchers used a great deal of valid and reliable evidence and research to substantiate their findings. Another strength was that the study used a rather large subject base of nearly 10,000 participants that matched the criteria of being between 12-31 and white or black. There was a great amount of statistics presented and visual graphs and charts were used to represent and describe these statistics for those who are more visual learners. The researchers did a thorough job describing and presenting the results of the study through various analyses, graphs, and charts as well.
One downfall with this study is that there was no mention of the demographics for the participants, so the audience would not be able to determine the area in which this study took place, if the subjects could be compared to other areas with similar demographics, or if the population was a true representative of the overall United States. Another weakness of the study was that it was not known how each researcher contributed, if the study was cohesive and done together or if each researcher had a different part, or how the researchers collaborated the statistics and overall collection of the data. It is important for the audience to understand exactly how each researcher participated and how the study was conducted when there are multiple researchers involved. One extreme weakness is that there was no...
References: Clark, T. T., McClernon, F. J., Yang, C. & Fuemmeler, B. F. (2015, June 7). Racial differences in parenting style typologies and heavy episodic drinking trajectories. Health Psychology, 34(7), 697-708. Retrieved from ProQuest database.
McGraw Hill Education. (2003). The CARS checklist: Credibility, accuracy, reasonableness, Support. Retrieved from http://novella.mhhe.com/sites/0079876543/student_view0/research_center-999/research_papers30/conducting_web-based_research.html
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