Below is a brief guide to the features of APA format. For source types not listed here, consult a handbook such as Anne Raimes’ Keys For Writers, available in the Writing Center.
Basic Features of APA:
In the text of your paper
Include the author, year, and page citation for each source
At the end of your paper
Include a list of all sources used in your paper
Alphabetized by author’s last name
Alphabetized by title if author is unknown
Create list on a new page titled “References.”
In text citations, Print sources:
Basic Format for a Quotation
Critser (2003) noted that despite growing numbers of overweight Americans, many health care providers still “remain either in ignorance or outright denial about the health danger to the poor and the young” (p. 5).
Despite growing numbers of overweight Americans, many health care providers still “remain either in ignorance or outright denial about the health danger to the poor and the young” (Critser, 2003, p. 5).
Note: use page numbers ONLY for direct quotes. if you're paraphrasing, sue just the author and date.
Sources with Two Authors
According to Sothern and Gordon (2003), “Environmental factors may contribute as much as 80% to the causes of childhood obesity” (p. 104).
Obese children often engage in less physical activity (Sothern & Gordon, 2003, p. 104). Author Unknown
Children struggling to control their weight must also struggle with the pressures of television advertising that, on the one hand, encourages the consumption of junk food and, on the other, celebrates thin celebrities (“Television,” 2002).
You maybe use "ch" to reference a chapter in a long work such as a text book, or "par" to indicate paragraph in a work without page numbers.
Cite personal communication such as an interview or e mail in your text like so: (Smith, personal communication, 4 Sept. 2008).
DO NOT list in your References page
Works cited in another source:
If you cite a work quoted...
References: Reagan, M. D. (1992). Curing the crisis: Options for America 's health care.
sexually abused children and adolescents. American Psychologist, 55, 1040-1049.
sexually abused children and adolescents. Psychology 55 (4), 1040-1049.
White, B. (2002, July 30). Stocks make more big gains. The Washington Post, pp. A1.
Retrieved August 1, 2002, from NewsBank database.
New York Times. Retrieved November 21, 2000, from http://www.nytimes.com
GVU 's 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved August 8, 2000, from
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