A quick guide to Harvard Referencing
This is the Library’s guide to Harvard referencing. The Library recommends that you check with your tutor before using this guide as they may have produced their own guidelines. There are two parts to Harvard referencing: 1. Citing within the text - All ideas taken from the work of another (whether directly quoted or put into your own words) need to be identified within your assignment by adding the author’s surname, year of publication and page number in brackets e.g. The evidence in a recent study (Smith, 2002, p.14) suggests… If you include the author’s name within the text of your assignment you only need to add the year and page number in brackets e.g. In a recent study, Smith (2002, p.14) suggests… 2. Reference List - The reference list goes at the end of your assignment and contains the full information of the sources (books, journals, websites etc.) that you have referred to in your assignment. Reference lists are in alphabetical order by the author’s surname. Punctuation i.e. full stops, commas, colons etc. are an important part of a reference (see examples in the tables). It is also important to be consistent.
How to Cite and Reference
Author(s), editor(s) or organisation. Put the surname followed by their initials e.g. Legge, K. or Lewis, C.S. If the book was written by an organisation put the full name e.g. British Broadcasting Corporation. If the book has an editor put ed. in brackets. If it has more than one editor put eds in brackets e.g. (ed.) or (eds.) Year of publication in brackets e.g. (2010) Title: subtitle. in italics e.g. Human resource management: a critical text If you have accessed it electronically put Online in square brackets e.g. [Online]. Edition (if not the first). e.g. 2nd edition. Place of publication: e.g. London: Publisher. e.g. Oxford University Press. Page numbers. (only required if it is a chapter from an edited book) shortened to either p. for one page and pp. for a range of pages e.g. pp. 33-62.
The following information is only required if you have accessed the book electronically: Put Available from and the website address e.g. Available from: http://lib.myilibrary.com/Open.aspx?id=155250&src=0 Put Accessed and the date you accessed it in square brackets e.g. [Accessed 23 March 2011]. How to cite and reference books Books Single author In text citation (Gold, 2010, p.45) Reference list Gold, J. (2010) Human resource development: theory and practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Harrison, A. and van Hoek, R.I. (2011) Logistics management and strategy: competing through the supply chain. 4th edition. Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall. Weinberg, A., Sutherland, V.J. and Cooper, C.L. (2010) Organizational stress management: a strategic approach. 2nd edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. McKnight, S. (ed.) Envisioning future academic library services: initiatives, ideas and challenges. London: Facet Publishing. Legge, K. (2007) HRM: rhetoric, reality and hidden agendas. In: Storey, J. (ed.) Human resource management: a critical text. 3rd edition. London: Thomson pp.33-62. Masterman, G. (2009) Strategic sports event management [Online]. 2nd edition. London: Butterworth-Heinemann. Available from:http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/pr otected/external/AbstractView/S9780080949628 [Accessed 15 February 2012]. Golding, N. (2010) Strategic human resource management. In: Beardwell, J. and Claydon, T. (eds.) Human resource management: a contemporary approach [Online]. 6th edition. Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall, pp.34-82. Available from: http://lib.myilibrary.com/Open.aspx?id=155250& src=0 [Accessed 23 March 2011].
Two authors (Harrison and Van Hoek, 2011, p.151) Three or more authors An edited book Chapter from an edited book ebook (Weinberg et al, 2010, p.85)
(McKnight, 2011, p.102) (Legge, 2007, p.38)
(Masterman, 2009, p.20)
Chapter from an edited ebook
(Golding, 2010, p.55)...
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