E-Research Proposal Hand Book.Pdf

Topics: Citation, Reference, Bibliography Pages: 39 (6715 words) Published: March 23, 2013
Hand Book
Of
M.S / M. Phil & Ph. D
Research Proposal / Synopsis

Compiled By:
Mr. Nasir Shaheen
Additional Registrar

&
Mr. Ijaz Ahmad
Coordinator M. Phil / Ph. D Programs

Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology,
Peshawar.

Table of Contents
Preface …………………………….………………………………………......... 1 1.

Preliminary Section:
1.1 Title Page…………………………………………………………………….. 2 1.2 Certificates……………………………………………………………........... 2 1.3 Table of Contents……………………………………………………………. 2

2.

Body of Research Proposal:
2.1

Introduction……………………………………………………………… 3

2.2

Literature Review……………………………………………………….. 3

2.3

Research Problem / Question…..……………………………………….. 3

2.4

Research Objective……………………………………………………… 4

2.5

Hypothesis (Optional)..…………………………………………………. 4

2.6

Methodology…………………………………………………………….. 4

2.7

Significance of the study………………………………………………… 5

2.8

Scope and Limitations………………………………………………….. 6

2.9

References & Bibliography.…………… ………………………………. 6

2.10

Student Profile …………………………………………………………. 6

3 Referencing & Citation - For Social Sciences
3.1

Handling Quotes In the Text ................................................................... 7

3.2

In-Text Citation........................................................................................... 7

3.3

Reference List: Books ............................................................................... 9

3.4

Reference List: Articles............................................................................ 10

3.5

Reference List: Electronic Sources ........................................................... 11

3.6

Reference List: Media ................................................................................. 13

3.7

Reference List: General Reference Databases ............................ ......... 14

3.8

Reference List: General Subject Databases ........................................... 14

3.9

Reference List: Current/Controversial Issues ..................................... 15

3.10

Reference List: Subject-Specific Databases ........................................... 16 ii

4 Referencing & Citation For Literature and Linguistics
4.1

Books .......................................................................................................... 18

4.2

Journals and Newsapapers …………………………………………… 21

4.3

Electronic Publications …………………………………………………. 22

5 Formatting:
5.1

Pages Size………………………………………………………………… 24

5.2

Page Setup……………………………………………………………….. 24

5.3

Font ……………………………………………………………………… 24

5.4

Font Size…………………………………………………………………. 24

5.5

Headings and Sub Headings………………………………………….. 24

5.6

Paragraph Setting………………………………………………………. 24

5.7

Number of Copies………………………………………………………. 25

5.8

Binding…………………………………………………………………... 25

5.9

Soft Copy of Proposal…………………………………………………… 25

SAMPLE………………………………………………………………………………….. 26

iii

Page Left Blank Intentionally

4

Preface

As a rule, the main components of a research study are nearly the same in all disciplines throughout the world. Though, various styles of referencing and citation are used by the researchers in their research work i.e. APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago, Turabian etc. Nonetheless, every established university develops its own customized format for its students’ facilitation in presentation of research proposals and theses. This handbook is compiled to facilitate the M. S / M. Phil and Ph. D students of Qurtuba University in developing their research proposals and to bring an overall uniformity in their research proposals. The format suggested in this handbook is mandatory for all M. S / M. Phil and Ph. D. students to develop and submit their proposal for approval of Board of Advanced Studies and Research (BOASAR). Further, the students are required to prepare their research proposal under the supervision of their...

Citations: name:
Ex: Hacking (1998) covers material on public record about chronic fatigue
Ex: The article covers material on public record about chronic fatigue
syndrome (Hacking, 1998).
Ex: Emily Bronte “expressed increasing hostility for the world of human relationships,
whether sexual or social” (Taylor, 1988, p
Ex: In exchange for that cooperation, authorities have recommended a sentence
of 15 years in prison (Hayes, 2009, para
Ex: As Sullivan and Thomas (1998) point out…
Ex: The turmoil in the Middle East is the result of politics (Sullivan & Thomas,
include only the last name of the first author followed by “et al.”
Ex: Writing becomes better as the child matures (Britton, Thomas, & Miller, 1996)
According to Britton et al. (1996), a child s writing improves over time.
Ex: in the book Language Use (1991).
Ex: article on language use (“World languages,” 1993).
Ex: As Villa points out, “Perhaps the conflict seems so strong because the stakes
are so low” (as cited in Affleck, Allen, & Della, 1996).
Ex: L.J. Smith (personal communication, September 20, 2009).
Ex: (A.N. Jones, personal communication, March 18, 2009).
Ex: Alvarez, M. (1999). The trip within. New York, NY: Random House.
In-text citation: (Alvarez, 1999).
Ex: Strunk, W., Jr., Jones, T., & White, E.B. (1979). The elements of style
(3rd ed.)
In-text citation: (Strunk, Jones, & White, 1979).
First in-text citation: (Engberg, Dugan, Haworth, Williams, Kelly,
Johnson, Smith, & Stewart, 2009).
Subsequent in-text citations: (Engberg, et al., 2009).
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